THE INTELLECTUAL AND THE MOTIVATED YOUTH IN AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT AND SUSTAINABILITY

MotivationAs part of efforts to finding lasting solutions to one of the major problems facing youth unemployment and underemployment in Africa; “Non-existence of a network of well skilled young entrepreneurs around rural agribusiness service clusters (hubs) that attract private sector investors for long time sustainable development”, an analogy has been drawn out to deal with the problem thoroughly. This analogy was based on the listed youth groups.

  1. THE INTELLECTUALLY COMPLIANT AND MOTIVATED
  2. THE INTELLECTUALLY COMPLIANT BUT NOT MOTIVATED
  3. THE INTELLECTUALLY CHALLENGED BUT MOTIVATED and
  4. THE INTELLECTUALLY CHALLENGED AND NOT MOTIVATED
Dr Ambrose Agona, DG- NARO, Uganda (R) and Adefioye Adedayo, IITA Youth Agripreneur

Here the viewer explains the intellectually compliant as a youth who has the knowledge and skills in business, communication, economics, marketing, networking and other par excellence academic attributes not exclusively or limited to agriculture or agribusiness only.

Do they exist? YES! They are the graduates from tertiary institutions who wake the roads and streets up early in the morning and return late in the night with either nothing in their stomach and or nothing in their pockets. But they are motivated especially towards Agriculture and Agribusiness, either because they hold it as a form of generating income or as a sustainability tool for their future.

However, what of the intellectually compliant but not motivated? They are also as advantaged as the former but not interested in Agriculture. Nevertheless, some percentages of these youth still fill the space world of unemployment in the communities.

The third group reflects the youth who are “disadvantaged”, who mostly reside in the rural with traces in the urban. These youth do not have the formal education or professional skills but they are strongly interested in Agriculture. They are the intellectually challenged but motivated, who are the active primary producers in the Agricultural value chain.

The fourth group also exists but almost ignorable on the platform of agricultural development and sustainability with youth. This quadrant has no interest in agriculture and is also intellectually challenged. Why should they be ignored? Could it be for their lack of interest in Agriculture? Could it be for their lack of skills?

But to the viewer “why invest in a bird that cannot lay an egg?”

However, the first three groups have correlations, they need themselves in taking agriculture to the next level both nationally and internationally. But the questions we need to address are HOW?

There offers two opportunities to the intellectually compliant and motivated youth group

  1. To work together with the second group (intellectually compliant but not motivated) because they can relate with each other on the same platform, and motivate them into doing agriculture or agribusiness and
  2. To work with the third group (intellectually challenged but motivated). Although they may not communicate effectively but they have a common interest that would serve as a means of attraction, given that they form the major primary producers in the Agricultural value chains. They could also be trained and educated gradually as their relationship strengthens up to meet up the market standard both nationally and internationally.

The second group could also play a role in training the intellectually challenged but might take long, but progressive process. It is however, observed that with proper capacity development, mentoring, coaching and/or provision of supportive and relevant resources, the quadrants are dynamic and flexible, and allows graduation into successful business realms.

The initiative conceptualization workshop has done a lot of work addressing realities about youth and concepts, and this analogy was one of the ways in dealing with the problems facing the youth.

Viewer: DR Ambrose Agona Director General NARO, UGANDA

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