QUALITY SEED AND ITS IMPORTANCE IN AGRICULTURE

QUALITY SEED AND ITS IMPORTANCE IN AGRICULTURE

What is seed?
In broad sense, seed is a material which is used for planting or regeneration purpose. However scientifically, Seed is a fertilized matured ovule together covered with seed coat is called seed or it is a propagating material i.e., part of agriculture, sericulture, silviculture and horticultural plants used for sowing or planting purpose.
Seed may be defined as “Structurally a true seed is a fertilized matured ovule, consisting of an embryonic plant, a store of food and a protective seed coat, a store of food consists of cotyledons and endosperm”
Definition of seed
However, from the seed technological point of view seed may be sexually produced matured ovule consisting of an intact embryo, endosperm and or cotyledon with protective covering (seed coat). It also refers to propagating materials of healthy seedlings, tuber, bulbs, rhizome, roots, cuttings, setts, slips, all types of grafts and vegetatively propagating materials used for production purpose.
Thus seed is the most vital and crucial input for crop production, one of the ways to increase the productivity without adding appreciably to the extent of land now under cultivation by planting quality seed.
IYA’s SEED CATALOGUE:
VARIETY
ACR 91 SUWAN
TZL COMM 4 (DTC 4)

COLOUR
YELLOW
WHITE

MATURING TIME
100-120 DAYS
100-120 DAYS

SOY BEAN SEEDS
VARIETY
TGX 1987 – 62F
TGX 1987 – 10F

CHARACTERISTICS
EARLY MATURING
HIGH YIELD
RUST RESISTANT
BETTER LODGING ABILITY

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TALK ABOUT FERTILIZER AND ITS APPLICATION

TALK ABOUT FERTILIZER AND ITS APPLICATION

Fertilizer is any organic or inorganic material of natural or synthetic origin (other than liming materials) that is added to soil to supply one or more plant nutrients essential to the growth of plants. Conservative estimates report 30 to 50% of crop yields are attributed to natural or synthetic commercial fertilizer. Global market value is likely to rise to more than US$185 billion until 2019.
Crop production has increased dramatically over the last few decades, much of which has been due to the widespread introduction of chemical fertilizers starting in the mid 1900s. Matching fertilizer application rates to crop needs is an essential component of optimizing crop production. However, different crops in separate fields will require varying rates of the major nutrients – nitrogen (N), phosphate (P2O5), and potassium (potash, K2O)– due to variations in soil types, soil test phos¬phorus and potassium levels, and nutrient ranges of different crops. Meeting these N-P2O5-K2O (sometimes abbreviated to N-P-K) requirements without overapplying any of these nutrients is possible by blending various types of fertilizer to give the correct N-P2O5-K2O ratio. This allows you to apply the correct rate of a particular blended fertilizer. Other considerations such as cost of available fertilizers and crop micronutrient requirements also need to be considered when blending fertilizers.
Note: you are free to post your comment!!

Talk About Fertilizer and its application

Fertilizer is any organic or inorganic material of natural or synthetic origin (other than liming materials) that is added to soil to supply one or more plant nutrients essential to the growth of plants. Conservative estimates report 30 to 50% of crop yields are attributed to natural or synthetic commercial fertilizer. Global market value is likely to rise to more than US$185 billion until 2019.
Crop production has increased dramatically over the last few decades, much of which has been due to the widespread introduction of chemical fertilizers starting in the mid 1900s. Matching fertilizer application rates to crop needs is an essential component of optimizing crop production. However, different crops in separate fields will require varying rates of the major nutrients – nitrogen (N), phosphate (P2O5), and potassium (potash, K2O)– due to variations in soil types, soil test phos¬phorus and potassium levels, and nutrient ranges of different crops. Meeting these N-P2O5-K2O (sometimes abbreviated to N-P-K) requirements without overapplying any of these nutrients is possible by blending various types of fertilizer to give the correct N-P2O5-K2O ratio. This allows you to apply the correct rate of a particular blended fertilizer. Other considerations such as cost of available fertilizers and crop micronutrient requirements also need to be considered when blending fertilizers.
Note: you are free to post your comment!!!

The Garri Production Launched By IITA YOUTH AGRIPRENEURS

 The Gari's Production  Launched by IITA Youth Agripreneurs

No one can deny the fact that Cassava Remain the most popular and widely consumed food crops in Africa. Because it is such an important food in the region and an extremely versatile crop, it is commonly referred to as cornerstone of food security in Africa.
However, in a continued effort to increase the availability and the accessibility of cassava stems and tubers with its processed products, IITA Youth Agripreneurs have just commenced their cassava harvesting of variety TME 419 on EE23 field at the IITA station.
The cassava roots will be channeled into the production of GARI which would be made available at affordable prices by 24th March, 2014.
Interested customers can start ordering.
Cassava variety: TME 419
Available Date: 24th March, 2014.
for more Information please contact IITA YOUTH Agriprenurs, and if you want to get the Gari please send your command through our E-Market Pannel.
Regards

YOUTH AGRIBUSINESS DEVELOPMENT INITIATIVE (YADI)

YOUTH AGRIBUSINESS DEVELOPMENT INITIATIVE (YADI)

The conference organized by African Development Bank (AFDB), International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa (AGRA), International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) and other CG centers is designed to generate new thinking on how to directly engage the youth in more diverse and productive roles in agriculture in a manner that also offers secondary benefits to the larger communities across Africa. Strategies for the empowerment of rural youth in Agriculture in collaboration with government departments and private enterprises, based on tailored pathways offering opportunities in agribusiness, local service provision and market-oriented agriculture will be developed
Venue: IITA headquarters- Nigeria, 28 – 30 April 2014
For more Information Please contact IITA Youth Agripreneurs

Agribusiness Training Benefit by Ms Liliane Bahati

Am Ms Liliane Bahati From Congo D.R.

I Just wanted to share the experiences gain during my Training on Agribusiness.
My training in IITA-headquarter as Agripreneurs has been source of inspiration in my life. I see now agribusiness as a perfect way for changing positively my life by making me self reliance. Before my trip to Ibadan I was considering all cassava -by products (gari, tapioca, cassava bread and cassava flour) learned about at school like theories for only making the lesson interesting, but now I have seen them, learned how to make them and I am able to take that technology to my country and even contribute to make it a Congolese technology

During my training I was blessed to visit Niji farm which has been an excellent source of motivation and inspiration for the remaining period of my life. It was my first time to see a very engaged person in agribusiness, very determined in his activities and earning a lot of money from it. I was like in a dream, very surprised to hear from somebody about the huge amount of money earning from farming business. From that day my decision is: I have to be a millionaire by making a lot of money in Agribusiness.

Liliane BAHATI Agripreneurs from IITA-Kalambo Youth Agripreneurs (IKYA)